When you walk into a golf shop or browse online for golf clubs, you're probably overwhelmed by all of the options. Drivers, irons, putters, wedges...what does it all mean? And which ones do you need?

Never fear! We're here to help with a beginner's guide to the types of golf clubs most golfers use. Read on to learn more about what each type of club is used for and how to choose the right ones for your game.


Woods are large-headed clubs that are designed for long-distance shots. They have long shafts and are typically made of metal or composite material. Woods are also often referred to as "drivers," as they are mainly used for tee shots on par 4 and par 5 holes. When choosing a wood, consider things like loft (angle of the face), kick point (where the flex occurs in the shaft), and head size. These factors will affect things like trajectory, spin, and distance.


Irons are smaller-headed clubs that are designed for shots that require more precision than woods. They have shorter shafts than woods and are made of metal or composite material. Irons are used for a variety of shots, from tee shots on shorter holes to approach shots into the green. Choosing irons is primarily a matter of personal preference, but be sure to consider factors like club length, lie angle (the angle between the club face and the ground when the club is at rest), and loft.


Wedges are a type of iron that is designed for short-distance shots with a high degree of accuracy. They have higher lofts than other irons (which means the face is angled more) and shorter shafts. Wedges are used for things like a shot from around greens, getting out of sand traps, and hitting approach shots from longer distances. When choosing wedges, pay attention to bounce angle (the angle between the leading edge and sole) and club grind (the shape of the sole). These factors will affect things like trajectory and spin rate. 


A putter is a club specifically designed for making strokes on the green. Putters have flat heads and very short shafts. They can be made of metal, plastic, or composite materials. When choosing a putter, think about length, weight, head shape, and alignment aids (like lines or dots on the club head). These factors will impact your ability to make a consistent stroke and hit your target accurately. 



Hybrids are a cross between woods and irons. They have the head of a wood and the shaft of an iron, making them easier to hit than long irons. Hybrids are typically used for longer approach shots but can also be used for tee shots on shorter holes or even from the fairway on longer holes. When choosing a hybrid, consider factors like club length, lie angle, head size, and loft.


Now that you know more about the types of golf clubs available to you, it's time to start shopping! Be sure to consult with a knowledgeable salesperson at your local golf shop or read online reviews before making any purchase. And happy golfing!

October 26, 2022 — Simon Masters